LIGHT OPTIONS, WHEN THE LIGHT BULBS ARE GONE
What have the Zetas said about the period of gloom from volcanic dust after the pole shift, which they have predicted to last 25 years,
diminishing, of course, during that time until we are again at sunlight as today.
Just how much light can we expect, from the Sun?
Where this sounds terrible, it is NOT the nuclear winter many assume.
And there will also be almost continuous drizzle.
What does folklore tell us?
The last pole shift as during the Jewish Exodus, with the Bible and various papyrus from Egypt documenting what happened.
Where this part of the world, near a number of volcanoes in the Mediterranean and environs, suffered more volcanic dust than most lands,
it is nevertheless descriptive of how gloomy it can get.
In his book, Worlds in Collision, Immanuel Velikovsky has gathered folklore related to the gloom that descended around the world,
from volcanic dust.
If the eruption of a single volcano can darken the atmosphere over the entire globe, a simultaneous and prolonged eruption of thousands of volcanoes would blacken the sky. Volcanoes vomit water vapor as well as cinders.
Following the cataclysm, the author of Codex Chimalpopoca, in his history of the suns, shows us terrifying celestial phenomena .. followed by darkness that covered the face of the earth, in one instance for a period of 25 years.
In the years of this gloom, when the world was covered with clouds and shrouded in mist, the Quiche tribe migrated to Mexico, crossing a sea enveloped in a somber fog. In the Manuscript Quiche it is also narrated that there was 'little light on the surface of the Earth the faces of the Sun and of the Moon were covered with clouds'.
In the Ermitage Papyrus in Leningrad .. there are lamantations about a terrible catastrophe, when heaven and earth turned upside down. After this catastrophe darkness covered the earth. 'The sun is veiled and shines not in the sight of men. None can live when the sun is veiled by clouds None knoweth that midday is there; the shadow is not discerned Not dazzled is the sight when the sun is beheld; he is in the sky like the moon'
In this description the light of the sun is compared to the light of the moon; but even in the light of the moon objects cast a shadow. If the midday could not be discerned, the disc of the sun was not clearly visible, and only its diffused light made the day different from the night. The gloom gradually lifted with the passing years as the clouds became less thick; little by little the sky and the sun appeared less and less veiled.
It is the time of the wandering of the Isralites in the desert. The "shadow of death" is related to the time of the wandering in the desert after the Exodus from Egypt. The sinister meaning of the words "shadow of death" corresponds with the description of the Ermitage Papyrus: "None can live when the sun is veiled by clouds."
The phenomenon of gloom enduring for years impressed itself on the memory of the Twelve Tribes and is mentioned in many passages in the Bible. Psalms 44:19 - "The people that walked in darkness .. in the land of the shadow of death." Isiah 9:2. And the Lord 'brought them out of darkness and the shadow of death.'
Nihongi, a chronicle of Japan from the earliest period, refers to a time when there was 'continuous darkness' and 'no difference of day and night'. It describes in the name of the Emperor Kami Yamato an ancient time when ' the world was given over to widespread desolation; it was an age of darkness and disorder. In this gloom Hiko-ho-no-ninigi-no-Mikoto fostered justice, and so governed this western border.
In China the annals telling of the time of the Emperor Yahou refers to the Valley of Obscurity and to the Sombre Residence as places of astronomical observations.
The name 'shadow of death' expresses the influence of the sunless gloom upon the life processes. The Chinese annals of Wong-shi-Shing, in the chapter dealing with the ten Stems, the Earth's primeval history, relate that 'at Wu, the sixth stem .. darkness destroys the growth of all things.'
The migration in central Polynesia, shrouded in gloom, is narrated in the traditions of the aborigines of this part of the world about a chief named Te-Erui who 'lived long in utter darkness in Avaiki', who migrated in a canoe named 'weary of drakness' to find a land of light, and who, after many years of wandering, saw the sky clearing little by little and arrived at a region 'where they could see each other clearly'.
In the Kalevala, the Finnish epos which dates back to an enormous antiquity, the time when the sun and moon disappeared from the sky, and dreaded shadows covered it. The dreaded shadow covered the earth when Ukko, the highest of the Finnish deities, relinquished the support of the heavens. Hailstones of iron rained down furiously, and then the world became shrouded in a generation-long darkness.
Vegetation died in the catastrophe. The Iranian book of Boundahis says 'blight was diffused over the vegetation, and it withered away immediately'. When the sky was shattered, the day became dark, and the earth teemed with noxious creatures. For a long time there was no green thing seen; seeds would not germinate in a sunless world.
It took many years before the Earth again brought froth vegetation. This is told in the written and oral traditions of many peoples. According to American sources, the regeneration of the world and of humankind took place under the veil of the gloomy shadows, and the time is indicated as the end of the fifteenth year of the darkness, ten years before the end of the gloom.
Q: OK, so we have our batteries and are prepared to recover them if they wear out. We have our power generating setup, wind or water or leg power or whatever. This gives us lights at a minimum, I would presume, but probably won't run the microwave oven, the washer and drying, the video games on the TV or PC, right? Life won't be the same, I imagine.
Yes this is very true. A typical person in today's civilization uses in the 10's of KiloWattHours/day, after the PS one will be lucky to be able to generate
one thousand times less or in the 10s of watts/day per person. Expect to not use curler irons, irons, Coffee makers, toasters, dishwasher, cloths dryer,
electric heaters, air-conditioning, hot plate, blow dryers, popcorn poppers, cooking with electricity, and high powered tools.
Because of the low amount of available power one will shift to task lighting being the most important. The charging of two way radios for local and distant communication being second in importance. Occasion laptop computer use to look up needed information as third in importance. Super energy efficient small refrigerators and freezers are a better more efficient choice than peltier junction coolers and could also be a third choice.
Providing a low power source of music may be considered a forth priority by some and an unneeded luxury by others. This could be implemented by using car stereo CD players or personal Juke box with battery powered external audio amplifier. Battery operated TV using DVD or tapes would be another luxury for occasional short term use.
Depending on power availability growing lights and water distillation is right up there in priority. These take a lot of power that most will not have. Sodium vapor with mercury vapor being second would be the most cost effective for growing purposes. LEDs have too much initial cost for most to use for growing and are best used for task lighting.
Task lighting is defined as just enough light directed in the needed direction to do the task at hand. This would be head lamps, flashlights, drop lights, and LED tail lights. Energy efficient LED lighting should be used in preference to anything else if available.
As a worst case low tech Christmas tree bulbs could be used. One can take a string of 30, 40, or 50 bulbs cut out a section and run on low voltage DC (direct current). 115 volts divided by the number of bulbs in the full string gives the number of volts needed for each bulb. In this way one can match the number of bulbs to the voltage of the storage battery in use. 30=3.8 volts, 40=2.8 volts, and 50=2.3 volts. This would result in needing to use 3 bulbs from the 30 bulb string, 4 bulbs from the 40 string, and 5 bulbs from the 50 string for a 12 volt battery hook up.
Krypton and Xenon flashlight bulb are next in efficiency. Fluorescents are next with LED lighting being the most energy efficient. A LED tail light bulb can be made to use less than .5 watt on high and .005 watt on low by adding in the proper resistors in series. LED night lights are easy to make using 4 AA or 12 volts and a proper series resistor.
Amber or yellow is used to avoid bugs and for night lights. A night light in this case would be one burning most or all of the night time hours. White would be used for task lighting and reading. Red is for seeing a distance at night and for indicating danger. Ultra violet is for attracting bugs into a traps and for spotting fungus, bacteria, urine and other biologicals. It can also be used to find bugs at night. For example scorpions will glow when a UV light is on them. It can be used to detect problems with skin. Green can be used for signaling that all is ok.
Does this answer you questions on this subject?
Q: Whats makes a LED (light emitting diode) superior? What about other lightbulbs, and what to do when they wear out! Perhaps by that time, we will have good old sunlight around in full force, and it won't be so much of an issue. Found a comparison done on the Troubled Times pages that talks about LED's as being superior.
I have attempted to formulate an apples to apples comparison between three different light sources showing the relative cost, efficiency and durability. One is what I consider to be a best case conventional light source, the high pressure sodium vapor lamp (HPS).
One I consider a worst case conventional light source, automobile headlamps. These lamps have a very short 300 hour lifespan and are not very efficient. However, since there will be many abandoned vehicles around you might even be able to get these for free.
And a new hybrid light source which is composed of light emitting diodes (LEDs) and a blue luminous tube. This last one, I think, represents our best hope as a light source for use in growing plants without sunlight. The LED component has a lifespan of several decades, 100,000 hours plus, and it is also very efficient.
For this example a 23 year time span was chosen.
High Pressure Sodium Vapor Lamp
Light Power Output: 36 lightwatts
Power Requirement: 250 Watts
23 Year Supply: 5 lamps
Total Cost: $685
Automobile Headlamps. Using 60 lamps simultaneously
Light Power Output: 72 lightwatts
Power Requirement: 1440 Watts
23 Year Supply: 40,296 lamps
Total Cost: $201,480
Light Power Output: 36 lightwatts
Power Requirement: 192 Watts
23 Year Supply: 1 (with the ability to rebuild the tube)
Total Cost: $493
The conclusion I hope you draw from this is that the LED/tube light source is superior. The LEDs will not all fail at once if they are not abused. They will fail one at a time after many years giving gradually reduced output, and are very tolerant to mechanical shock.
Yes, I agree if one can afford LEDs, they are more cost effective than other lighting over a 23 year time frame. Sodium lighting is a close second. I
doubt many will be able to afford much more than LED task lighting.
To complicate the issue I have found that these things need to be designed to run at no more than half rated power to get anything close to rated life time. A lot of bulb manufacturers today don't know this. I see a lot of problems with current tail light and house bulbs that one can purchase from ebay.com. If one buys a 115 volt or 12 volt rendition and tests it, one will find out it doesn't last very long before the light drops way down. Knowing this one can modify the tail light bulbs by adding resistance to bring it down to half power and a decent life time. Typically I have found this to be in the order of 50 or more ohms for tail light bulbs. 115 Volt units are not easily modifiable. Better to make your own. I will be sending more details to TT-Forum in the near future on this.
Does this answer you questions on this subject?
Q: I understand LED's can be rebuilt, where the incandescent light bulb, or neon tube, or other such lamps are tricky to make. Here's something you posted in past years, on Troubled Times, Mike.
Current thoughts on how we might make our own gas filled light bulbs in the future.
* Blow glass tubes.
* Build in a electrode at each end.
* Evacuate by using several old refrigeration compressors in series. I have tested refrigeration compressors as vacuum pumps. They pull a pretty good vacuum.
* Fill with sodium, mercury, or other substance yet to be determined.
* Seal at a given low pressure.
* Apply high voltage to start and a lower voltage to run. The longer the tube, and the higher the pressure, the greater the voltage of operation.
The part that burns out in a LED can be replaced or rebuilt, right?
LED's are a very current technology. Super bright LED are a thing of the past 5-10 years. It takes the civilization a while to get up to this level before they start to be able to build these things efficiently. Two things can happen to a LED it can burn out and not produce any light or it can fade out and produce very little light for the amount of power input. If a LED is over driven then burn out is more likely.
The bottom line is there is no way that I know of to rebuild these things. Low pressure lighting would be far more likely to be able to repair. For one thing one could boost the voltage to existing tubes and get a bit more life out of them.
Does this answer you questions on this subject?
Q: I've been enamored of the idea of carbon arc lamps, as I read an article about the streets of London being as light as day, by these lamps. They do not have breakable parts, just carbon or graphite points together, with a tiny space between them which creates an arc. Pencil leads, I'm thinking, are prevalent. Carbon arc lamps were also used in the early days for movie making, and the actors got sunburn, which is one of their cautions. Of course, what one of the benefits is, they could GROW PLANTS!
Using hard graphite carbon rods (made like pencil leads) and a voltage of 45 to 60 volts with about 2 to 10 amps DC in a Simi closed environment
(behind glass, with controlled air flow) consumes the least amount of carbon rod. DC work best but AC can be used. Current is limited by use of
resistor (DC) or Inductance (Ac). This is necessary because of the negative resistance characteristic of the arc.
The electrodes when in use need to be in a slow continuous motion toward each other in order to maintain a given arc length and to compensate for the carbon burned up. All kinds of electro-mechanical setups are possible. Hissing of the arc indicates electrodes are too close or too much current.
Carbon electrodes are classified as molded carbons and forced carbons depending on how they are manufactured. Forced carbons are higher quality then molded carbons. Good electrodes of average size average about .15 ohm/foot. Positive electrode is consumed twice as fast as the negative.
Electrodes can be made from other types of carbon (petroleum coke, charcoal, certain types of coal, lampblack and carbon black from oil or natural gas) but it is not easy or likely in a primitive environment. Self-baking electrodes are used a lot in electric furnaces used to refined metals. The technique has promise if it can be setup see patents on this subject.
I promised Nancy a few years ago I would look into this subject. Every time I picked up the subject up to research I ran into a brick wall of complexity with much development done in the past that had dived out of site and was not readily available.
Finally after much looking... I realized this was not going to be something the normal primitive survival person would be able to accomplish. In other words it took until nearly modern times to develop the processes and techniques to make these electrodes.
It is as much an art as it is an engineering effort at extremely high temperatures and currents. I tried several experiments at making electrodes from ground up charcoal to no avail. They would not conduct electricity. I couldn't get them hot enough and compacted enough in a no air environment to make a graphitized conducting electrode.
I think if one has naturally occurring graphite available then it might be possible using the pencil making technique. This would be to fine grind the graphite and 5-10% clay and water, then heated to fuse clay making an electrode. If one can find big enough graphite chunks use them as-is for electrodes.
For human health, as we need sunlight to manufacture Vitamin D and often to keep from getting sad, depressed, our light needs to be full spectrum.
Plants need this also, to grow indoors or in a sheltered environment.
What does the term, full spectrum light, really mean?
It used to be that 'full spectrum' lighting meant lights which produced both ultraviolet B, ultraviolet A and the full visible spectrum as well infrared heat. Once incandescent manufacturers figured out that people were being told to look for 'full spectrum' lighting, they started to market their wide spectrum lights with 'full spectrum' in the ads and on packaging.
In fact, incandescents are just producing, if they are putting out bright white light, only the visible spectrum. Fluorescent light manufacturers weren't slow to get on this bandwagon, either - unfortunately, not all fluorescents produce UVB wavelengths, either.
Our regular incandescent bulbs don't cut it, unless they are sunlamp bulbs.
LEDS, those little light emitting diodes, also do not cut it unless they include, in the array, expensive blue light LEDS.
NASA studied this problem for the space station, where fresh vegetables are grown for the astronauts.
According to the summary published by NASA in conjunction with several universities, blue is essential to plant growth. Recommendation from that study is from 1% to 20% blue LED depending on plant and growth requirements. Blue LED's are out because they are very costly.
Please note that NASA used blue fluorescent lights as the supplementary blue light source. This is why I recommend the use of neon lights. The neon is the only routinely rebuildable light source I am aware of, and is long lasting at that (5 to 10 years).
True a certain web of technologies must be maintained to support neon tubes and you must be willing to deal with a modest amount of toxic mercury. I know of no other alternative for blue light. The luminous tube will also be able to supply needed ultraviolet light for disinfecting and vitamin D production.
Ugh. One more reason to go with carbon arc light.
Toxic mercury at the survival camp? Brain damage, here we come!
Flourescent bulbs, as with neon, also contain mercury vapor.
But, they are more efficient, in consumption of precious electricity.
Natural gas will be dangerous, most refineries will explode, and any stores of gasoline or propane likely to prove murderous during the pole shift itself.
If one does not have electricity, and is going the utterly crude route, there is always burning oil or animal fat.
This is similar to a wax candle.
A very efficient lamp for light and low heat can be made in the most primitive situations if one has the carcass of an animal. Even the leanest will have some body fat stored - sometimes under the skin - but most always some can be found around the internal organs, especially in the kidney area.
Ball up whatever you can, up to say about fist size. This basically will be your candle. A wick can be made from any plant fiber string or twisted from a strip of garment(cotton). Cordage can be made from many barks, grasses, or plant fibers. Wick diameter can be as one desires. Larger wicks burn brighter, but faster.
Melt a small quantity of fat (in a depression in a rock next to a fire) and soak the wick thoroughly. Form the ball firmly around the wick and you're set. It's best to place the "candle" in a fireproof container such as a hollow rock to catch the fats as it melts.
As it burns and melts it will "render" itself, the cracklings settling, the pure fat rising. The wick will eventually drown in the oil. Try to keep the burning portion out of the pool of oil.
It seems to be quite a struggle.
Any advice from ZetaTalk?